Tag Archives: MLM scams

My review of “Marauders of Hope” by Aruna Ravikumar

I just finished reading “Marauders of Hope” by Aruna Ravikumar(@aruna.writes on IG, @aruna_writes_ on Twitter). This book is an in depth look at the multi-level marketing industry and all the misery it causes around the world, particularly in India. She also offers guidance on what you can do to help stop this menace.

Aruna pulls no punches by describing these companies for what they truly are: pyramid schemes that exploit the desperate and ignorant to enrich the few at the top. They manage to get away with this through powerful lobbying arms and taking advantage of loopholes and ambiguities in the law. Many people are enticed into joining these schemes by promises of riches and cult-like brainwashing techniques to keep them in the club. They’re pyramid schemes but use products to camouflage what they’re really about.

Billions of dollars are looted from the gullible in this manner. Amway in the U.S contributes heavily to the Republican party; Betsy DeVos, secretary of education, belongs to the DeVos family which founded Amway. Trump himself has been involved in mlm and other scams. Politicians and government officials in India are similarly paid off or are in cahoots with the criminals.

But Aruna has not given up hope, and neither have I. As she shows in her book, there are many people around the world trying to spread awareness of these predatory schemes. I thought the chapter about the various scientists, government officials and consumer advocates fighting mlm in India, in spite of threats and legal setbacks, was particularly inspiring.

Besides corruption, misunderstandings and lack of political will have hindered prosecution, but every now and then the crooks are arrested and some companies do get shut down(at least temporarily).

I’d recommend this book to anyone who wants to know how this predatory industry works and how it’s able to achieve a veneer of legitimacy to far too many people(including vegans). If you’re tired of people trying to recruit you or seeing friends and family getting exploited, get involved and spread the word! Visit MLMtruth.org for more info.

Why I Say No to Detox

nodetox

One of the more popular things I regularly encounter on social media, particularly on health and fitness accounts in December and January, is something called “detox” or “cleansing”. Everybody’s doing it! There’s a long and growing list of maladies that “detox” can supposedly treat: obesity, fatigue, brain fog, skin problems, acne, arthritis, allergies, anxiety seemingly everything except a missing limb.

Detoxing is so popular and common I almost feel left out as a non-believer(a heretic in some circles) in detox, though luckily this feeling lasts for all of 2 seconds. Detox can take many forms while often a pricey supplement, it can also be a week, or month, or 6 month long juice regimen the length of their detoxing sentence often reflects how “bad” they’ve been. Sometimes it can be a tea and is called a “teatox”. In its most extreme form, a person’s entire diet is a long-term detox, usually a 100% vegan whole-food raw-food diet basically solitary confinement for those who have been really bad.

So what do I make of all this? It’s 100% nonsense. The health claims made for these products or juicing regimens are evidence-free and very vague; the “toxins” in question are almost never identified, and the users of these products are not tested before and after for these elusive “toxins”. This is nothing but pseudoscience.

Doctors and legitimate health professionals do not recommend a detox unless someone has ingested a significant amount of heavy metals or poison, and they use chelation drugs to help remove the toxins, not green juice or an MLM scam product. There is no evidence that this type of detox can help you with any medical problem.

Bottom line: Detoxing is unlikely to help you lose weight or improve energy. However, this doesn’t mean drinking fresh juices or smoothies is a bad thing. You can get a nutrition boost from some green juices if you don’t ordinarily eat that well(this may explain why many people feel better after a detox or cleanse). If juice is your preferred method of consuming your fruits and vegetables, then go for it. Detox supplements on the other hand are useless and potentially dangerous.

Just don’t be mislead into believing these juices are helping you “detox” anything. Toxins are a natural byproduct of living and metabolism and you already have an effective way to deal with this: your liver and kidneys. If you have a functioning liver and kidneys, your body is detoxing for you 24/7. If you believe you’ve been poisoned, consult a doctor.

Related articles:

Harvard Women’s Health Watch: The dubious practice of detox

Science-Based Medicine: Detox Scams are Worthless and Potentially Dangerous

The Vegan RD: A Vegan Diet is Not a “Detox” Plan

Scibabe: The Weekly Woo: Toxins. Toxins Everywhere

Ars Technica: Herbal remedy ingredients: lead, mercury, and/or arsenic

Mel Magazine: Yes, Of Course, Detoxing Is a Scam